2022 401(k) Contribution Limit Increase

Early in the new year is a good time for individuals to revisit how much they are contributing to their retirement plan. The IRS recently announced the updated 2022 maximum retirement plan contribution limits for 401(k)s and IRAs, which reflect cost-of-living adjustments.

2022 401(k) Contribution Limits

In 2022, employees can contribute $1,000 more to their 401(k) compared to 2021. The 2022 additional catch-up contribution allowed for employees who are 50 years old and over is unchanged from 2021 and remains at $6,500. 

401(k) Maximum Employee Contributions
  2022 Limit 2021 Limit
Max Employee (EE) Contribution $20,500 $19,500
EE Additional Catch-Up Contributions (Age 50 or older) $6,500 $6,500

Therefore, employees under 50 years old can contribute $20,500, and employees 50 years or older can contribute a maximum of $27,000 to their 401(k) plan in 2022. This limitation is the same for traditional or Roth 401(k) plan contributions. 

Many employers also offer 401(k) matching contributions or 401(k) profit-sharing contributions. Employer contributions do not impact an employee’s allowed contributions outlined above; however, there is a total combined contribution limit. The combined employee plus employer 401(k) contribution limit for 2022 is $61,000 ($67,500 for those 50 or older). That overall limitation is a $3,000 increase compared to 2021. 

2022 IRA Contribution Limits

The limit on annual contributions to an IRA remains unchanged at $6,000 for 2022. The additional IRA catch-up contribution for individuals 50 or older, is also unchanged at $1,000. Therefore, individuals under 50 years old can contribute $6,000, and individuals 50 years or older can contribute $7,000 to their IRA in 2022. This limitation is the same for traditional or Roth IRA contributions.

IRA Maximum Contributions
  2022 2021
Max Individual Contribution  $6,000 $6,000
Catch-Up Contributions (Age 50 or older) $1,000 $1,000

Individuals can deduct contributions to a traditional IRA if they meet certain conditions. If neither the taxpayer nor their spouse is covered by a retirement plan at work, their full contribution to a traditional IRA is deductible. If the taxpayer or their spouse was covered by a retirement plan at work, the deduction may be reduced or phased out until it is eliminated. The amount of the deduction depends on the taxpayer's filing status and their income.

A taxpayer’s filing status and income also impacts whether an individual can contribute to a Roth IRA for the year. 

Please contact your Schneider Downs advisor if you would like to discuss your retirement planning goals or strategies.

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