OUR THOUGHTS ON:

UK Raises VAT and CAP Gains Rates to Lower Country's Budget Deficit

International

By Cynthia Hoffman

The UK Chancellor of the Exchequer, George Osborn, presented the government’s budget on June 22, calling for a 77% cut in public expenditures along with 23% increases in various taxes in an attempt to lower the budget deficit from 10.1% of GDP to just 1.1% of GDP by 2015/16. The plan calls for increases in the VAT rate, an increase in the capital gain tax rate, and a modest tax cut for certain business and low-income individual taxpayers.

The plan calls for a 2.5% rate VAT increase, from a current rate of 17.5% to 20%, effective January 2011. There will be no changes to items that are currently zero-rated or exempt from VAT. The VAT flat tax rate, allowed for businesses with annual sales up to £150,000, has been adjusted to reflect this increase. That threshold remains unchanged.

An increase in capital gain tax rates to 28% for higher-rate taxpayers took effect midnight on June 22. Taxpayers who currently pay the basic income tax rate of 20% will continue to pay an 18% capital gains rate, while taxpayers with incomes above the upper limit will pay the 28% rate. The capital gains tax annual exemption will remain at £10,100 for 2010/11, increased thereafter for inflation. Capital gains from entrepreneurial activity (“entrepreneurs’ relief”) will pay a reduced rate at 10% on the first £5 million (as opposed to £2 million previously), effective June 23, 2010.

There is some good news for business taxpayers in this budget. Corporation tax rates will be reduced from a top rate of 28% to 27% effective on April 1, 2011. The rates will continue to fall by 1% per annum to a 24% rate by 2014/15. However, the rates for capital allowances have been reduced from 20% to 18% per annum for expenditures allocated to the main rate pool.

The taxation items in the budget will need to be approved by Parliament to be effective once the finance bill receives royal assent. Taxpayers doing business in the UK need to immediately assess the impact of these provisions, since most take effect for the 2011 year (or sooner in the case of capital gains).

Did You Know?
An ‘International’ Fun Fact:
In the United Kingdom, Chancellors are allowed to refresh themselves with alcoholic drinks during their speeches to Parliament. No other Member of Parliament can do this.

Schneider Downs provides accounting, tax, wealth management and business advisory services through innovative thought leaders who deliver the expertise to meet the individual needs of each client. Our offices are located in Pittsburgh, PA, and Columbus, OH

This advice is not intended or written to be used for, and it cannot be used for, the purpose of avoiding any federal tax penalties that may be imposed, or for promoting, marketing or recommending to another person, any tax-related matter.

You’ve heard our thoughts… We’d like to hear yours

The Schneider Downs Our Thoughts On blog exists to create a dialogue on issues that are important to organizations and individuals. While we enjoy sharing our ideas and insights, we’re especially interested in what you may have to say. If you have a question or a comment about this article – or any article from the Our Thoughts On blog – we hope you’ll share it with us. After all, a dialogue is an exchange of ideas, and we’d like to hear from you. Email us at contactSD@schneiderdowns.com.

Material discussed is meant for informational purposes only, and it is not to be construed as investment, tax, or legal advice. Please note that individual situations can vary. Therefore, this information should be relied upon when coordinated with individual professional advice.

© 2018 Schneider Downs. All rights-reserved. All content on this site is property of Schneider Downs unless otherwise noted and should not be used without written permission.

comments